An Empirical Comparison of Default Risk Forecasts from Alternative Credit Rating Philosophies
by Daniel Rösch of the University of Regensburg
April 15, 2004
Abstract: The New Basel Capital Accord will allow the determination of banks' regulatory capital requirements due to probabilities of default which are estimated and forecasted from internal ratings. Broadly, two rating philosophies are distinguished: Through the Cycle versus Point in Time Ratings. We employ a Likelihood-Ratio backtesting of both types with respect to their probability of default forecasts and correlations derived from a nonlinear random effects panel model using data from Standard & Poor's. The implications for risk capital using these different philosophies are demonstrated. It is shown that Point in Time Ratings will exhibit much lower correlations and, thus, default probability forecasts should be more precise. As a consequence, Value at Risk quantiles of default distributions should be lower than those generated by Through the Cycle Ratings. Nevertheless banks which use Point in Time Ratings may be punished in times of economic stress if the implied reduction of asset correlation is not taken into account.
Keywords: Credit Rating, Basel II, Backtesting, Risk Management, Credit Risk Modeling.
Published in: International Journal of Forecasting, Vol. 21, No. 1, (January-March 2005), pp. 37-51.