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In Rememberance: World Trade Center (WTC)

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Sovereign Credit Ratings

by Richard Cantor of the Federal Reserve of New York, and
Frank Packer of the Federal Reserve of New York

June 1995

Abstract:  Sovereign ratings are gaining importance as more governments with greater default risk borrow in international bond markets. But while the ratings have proved useful to governments seeking market access, the difficulty of assessing sovereign risk has led to agency disagreements and public controversy over specific rating assignments. Recognizing this difficulty, the financial markets have shown some skepticism toward sovereign ratings when pricing issues.

Keywords: Credit, default, swap, sovereign, debt.

Published: Current Issues in Economics and Finance, Vol. 1, No. 3, (June 1995), pp. 1-6. , and
European Financial Management, Vol. 2, No. 2, (July 1996), pp. 247-256.

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