Bank Loan-loss Provisioning, Central Bank Rules vs. Estimation: The case of Portugal
by Jean Dermine of INSEAD, and
December 3, 2007
Abstract: A fair level of provisions on bad and doubtful loans is an essential input in mark-to-market accounting, and in the calculation of bank profitability, capital and solvency. Surprisingly, recent micro studies on loan loss-given-default have not been exploited to derive provisioning schedules. Two methodologies to calculate a fair level of loan-loss provisions, at the time of default and after the default date, are developed in the paper. To illustrate, the methodology is applied to a private data set of non-performing loans. The estimated dynamic provisioning schedule is then compared to a regulatory schedule imposed by a central bank.
Published in: Journal of Financial Stability, Vol. 4, No. 1, (April 2008), pp. 1-22.
Previously titled: "Bank Loan-Loss Provisioning: Methodology and Application"